Two models that can be used for public health nursing (PHN) assessments include the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) tool and the Community Health Assessment and Group Evaluation (CHANGE) tool. The MAPP tool was developed by the National Association of City and Count Health Officials (NACCHO, 2008), and emphasizes community-wide partnership to assess and prioritize public health issues, identify community resources, and implement tailored interventions to address those issues ( NACCHO, 2008). MAPP consists of six phases with four assessments that inform the entire process: community themes and strengths assessment, local public health system assessment, community health status assessment, and forces of change assessment. Each MAPP assessment and phase provides the PHN and community stakeholders a comprehensive understanding of community health status, resources, and plan for addressing community health issues.
CHANGE is a data collection tool and planning resource developed by the CDC (2010), that is based on social-ecological theory. Accordingly, it focuses primarily on assessment of and planning for policy, systems, and environmental change issues (CDC, 2010). The CHANGE tool utilizes evidence-based strategies and is completed in eight steps. Like the MAPP tool, CHANGE incorporates community partnership through the assembly of a team that involves key community stakeholders. Either the MAPP or CHANGE May be used effectively for community assessment and planning.